One of the biggest challenges we face today is energy, we use a lot of energy, and most – it comes from burning fossil fuels in fact about 85% of the global energy consumed comes from fossil fuels which are oil coal, and gas we know that burning these fossil fuels produces large volumes of co2 which is being released into the atmosphere damaging the environment because of this it becomes important to check future of energy in India.
Future of Energy in India
FUTURE OF RENEWABLE ENERGY:
It will be very useful to get an overview of India’s renewable energy journey and the role of solar power in that. Now if you look at what’s been happening in the country over well the last few years it really goes back to 2010 renewable energy in the last five years itself has gone from 35 gigawatts to 86 gigawatts that’s a huge 26% jump in the last five years.
The goal for 2022 is 175 gigawatts total installed capacity for renewable energy. The target is 175 gigawatts by 2022 solar energy component is 100 gigawatts so it’s a lion’s share of what we’re targeting for our overall renewable energy mix.
The solar energy rate has been declining per unit through the years if you look at 2010 it was 10 rupees 95 passe and now it’s come down to a world record low of 2.44 pays a per unit that’s in Hudler in Rajasthan. That’s how cheap solar energy really is now in the country if we move on further and talk about where this really takes us to in terms of even other issues moving on further.
Solar energy installed capacity in India was 2630 megawatts in 2014 and in 2019 it became 37505 megawatts that’s the kind of leap that you can really see as far as the sector is concerned a spike in solar energy. Installed capacity look at that as well 10 megawatts in 2010 is 6,000 megawatts in 2016 is 600 fold jump in just six years.
Renewable energy jobs average 1.2 crore human workdays generated per year. The adoption of solar energy as far as the country is concerned there’s been Sun rising clean energy in the country is well March 2015 it was 30.5% This is the overall renewable energy mix.
By May 2020’s it become 38 percent so a huge increase in the course of these five years as well now the harnessing the Sun from rooftops is a big component of the journey that we want to go. As well 100 gigawatts of solar energy by 2022 is target, 40 gigawatts of solar energy goal from rooftop generation and also it’s going to be 40 percent of that goal is going to be targeted through rooftops.
What the Government is saying?
The Ministry of Renewable energy tells solar rooftop plants can be set up at residences offices factories and on other buildings as well like group housing and societies. Solar panels generate electricity for 25 years that’s their life span and investment in solar plants can be recovered in about five to six years. This is not really much because people getting a subsidy component as well as a lot of these projects solar energy becomes free for 19 to 20 years after the initial five to six-year period.
Future of solar energy in India:
The future of solar energy in India with its booming economy and humongous population of over 1 billion has always faced a shortage of energy even though the country is among the largest producer of electricity in the world. It is hardly ever able to meet the electricity requirements of its ever so rapidly increasing population at present almost 53% of India’s energy requirements are met with coal going by the predictions of the coal reserves of the country. It will not last beyond 2015 it is common knowledge that over 72% of the population of this third-world country still resides in villages with only half of its rural population getting access to electricity.
It is high time India moved to renewable ways in the future to feed its population its fair share of electricity solar energy has emerged as the most viable and environment-friendly option for India to cater to its energy requirements of one and all including the 50% of its rural inhabitants who still live without electricity.
A typical solar system is very easy to set up and just entails installing solar panels correctly in order for it to work quite a few people were already aware of its benefits and were really quick at setting their properties up with solar systems in fact the utilization of solar energy in India. It is nothing new and has existed in select locations for quite. Some time now, however, it has yet to pick up steady momentum the future of solar energy in India is as bright as that of the Sun the solar systems derive power from a brief overview of why India will definitely turn to solar power.
So now or later is as follows number one geographical advantage how long can India ignore the looming threat to its fossil fuel results the geographical location of India. Is such that it can not only produce enough energy to meet its own requirements but also produce enough energy for the entire world because it falls in the tropical region.
It receives a generous amount of solar radiation all throughout the year amounting to nearly three thousand long hours of sunshine in India.
There are the top seven states which have the highest renewable energy capacity where solar modules are able to produce ample amounts of electricity even on overcast days.
- Andhra Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
These states have an incredible amount of potential to tap solar energy owing to their strategic location at present. The fourth region in Rajasthan is home to some of the best solar projects in the country generating close to 2100 Gigawatt of power.
Upcoming solar projects in India:
Rajasthan is home to some of the best solar projects in the country generating close to 2100 Gigawatt power Gujarat houses one of the largest solar power plants in India last year saw Indian government has been approved a master plan in messaging the up radiation of 50 of India’s cities to blossoming solar cities.
Highly Advantages at Cheap Cost:
It is true that solar panels and solar systems are slightly expensive to purchase, to begin with, it is however also true that solar systems once setup helps save money. From the moment on solar panels usually have a lifespan of around 25 years and are definitely worth the investment in every respect the use of solar energy to power electrical appliances eliminates. Any dependency whatsoever on the constant supply of electricity to any place solar power is also good riddance of the hefty monthly electricity bills for the common man. Price deduction really helps for people in the Future of Energy in India.
The transition to the utilization of solar energy is an imminent and long impending one it is only a matter of time before we see an entire solar sector come up the persistent problem of unemployment in India will definitely also get better and the unemployed youth will be able to see the light of the day with the creation of more and more jobs like and share.
Why Fossil Fuel is not recommented to use?
Fossil fuels produce large volumes of co2 which is being released into the atmosphere damaging the environment. We know that releasing carbon dioxide was a significant risk in manmade climate change the problem is compounded.
By the fact that energy demand grows globally by about 2% each year, over the next few decades we’re likely going to continue using large amounts of fossil fuels to meet a good part of the energy demand. So to respond to global warming either we need an energy supply that has no carbon release or we need to find ways to use less energy.
FUTURE OF ENERGY By Some Cambridge University Professors
1. DR. RICHARD MCMAHON:
One form of sustainable low-carbon energy is whimper wind power. In the last 25 years has developed into a major source of electrical power generation already generating 7% of the world’s total electricity output and in many countries, it’s the fastest-growing form of electrical power generation.
Wind turbine equipment is becoming cheaper it’s becoming more reliable and we’ve learned how to integrate wind power effectively into a grid onshore. Wind farms are now approaching the point of being economical without subsidy which is very good for the industry. We’ve to think very carefully where we put our wind turbines clearly there are areas of great beauty where the landscape simply cannot accommodate wind turbines nevertheless.
We want to generate low-carbon parts so we have to make some compromises we have to find enough sites to generate the power. We need a further issue is the wind is variable at the moment the variation in output is easily accommodated within the normal operation of a grid. However, if we look into the future we’re a very large proportion of our power might come from the wind then we’ve got to think of some way of electricity storage to even the output one way around the difficulty of finding in our suitable sites on land is to build wind farms offshore.
Our technology could well be cheaper and more effective approach we’ve got to remember that electricity only accounts for about 1/3 of our total energy consumption. So what we must think about is whether another energy usage such as home heating or transport can be transferred to electric supply and then we can, of course, generate that electricity cleanly this will be a good way of reducing co2 emissions although at present wind power accounts for only about 1% of overall global energy production it is growing rapidly and I think in the foreseeable future that you’ll become a major producer of low-carbon energy.
2. PROFESSOR ANDYWOODS:
Most of the world’s electricity is derived from coal and gas-fired power stations about a quarter of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions come from the burning of coal in order to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide at coal-fired power stations it’s possible to use carbon capture and storage or CCS this is a technology in which carbon dioxide is removed from the waste gas produced by the burning of the coal and is then stored deep underground.
Once the carbon dioxide is captured from the exhaust gas it’s then compressed and turned into a high-pressure liquid which is pumped a couple of miles underground in the rock it spreads out between the grains rather like fluid moving through a sponge our research is aimed at looking at how the carbon dioxide spreads through these subsurface storage sites.
Big change to our energy system and that could be on the supply side or the demand side over the long term the energy supply will evolve towards alternative sources of energy in future including solar wind hydro geothermal fire fuels and nuclear. There are exciting opportunities for innovation in new energy technologies. These many of these have a role to play but they need to be assessed against local conditions technology such as CCS provides a means of reducing the co2 emissions associated with burning.
These fossil fuels as we transform the energy supply system to renewable energy on the demand side what we’ve seen is that we can use a lot less energy without much loss of service but doing so does require behavioral change that’s where the debate now is on the supply side we could do technology and policy and on the demand side you can do behavior change despite considerable financial and technical difficulties I believe if we’re going to avoid the significant risks of manmade climate change that we must continue to pursue the development of low-carbon technologies.