India and Pakistan both came under south Asia, have got their independence in 1947. India and Pakistan are neighborhood countries, so it look interesting to see COMPARISON BETWEEN ISRO AND SUPARCO.
Journey of ISRO and SUPARCO
SUMMARY OF ISRO:
The Indian Space Research Organisation famously known as ISRO was established on 15 August 1969. It is the space agency of the Government of India and the headquartered in Bengaluru city. Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was the first Administrator & Director of ISRO and played a key role in the formation of ISRO.
India launched its first satellite called “ARYABHATA” on 19th April 1975 with the help from Soviet Union. India didn’t have its own satellite vehicle then. ISRO made its launching vehicle in 1979 at Sriharikota. On 18th July 1980, ISRO launched its second satellite called ” ROHINI” from SHAR Centre, Sriharikota, India.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched its 100th satellite on 2nd January 2018 which name PSLV-C37.
SUMMARY OF SUPARCO:
Pakistan had actually established its Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (Suparco) in 1961. Dr. Abdus Salam was the first Administrator & Director of SUPARCO. On 7 June 1962 SUPARCO lunch the Rehbar-I rocket by which Pakistan became the third country in Asia, the first country in South Asia, and the tenth in the world to launch a vessel into outer space.
SUPARCO was established 8 years before ISRO. Their major projects developed by SUPARCO in the Launch vehicle or rocket development are the Rehbar spaceflight program, Hatf Programme, and Shaheen-III.
ISRO AND SUPARCO:
The Indian Space Research Organisation
Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission
15 AUGUST 1969
16 SEPTEMBER 1961
Country of Origin
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Department of Space, Government of India.
Government of Pakistan.
Achievement of ISRO and SUPARCO
Achievement of ISRO:
- Mangalyaan: India reached the mars at their very first attempt with a recorded time of 15 months thereby making ISRO the first Asian space agency to be on mars and all the things done with the most low budget.
- On the 15th of February 2017, ISRO created a history by launching 104 satellite successfully Satellite Launch Vehicle program name is PSLV-C37. Launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. With this program, ISRO beat the Russian space agency.
- Chandrayaan 1&2: Chandrayaan 1 helped us to find water on the moon. Even though the lander of the Chandrayaan 2 failed to do a soft landing on the south pole of the moon, I would commend ISRO for their best efforts.
- ISRO landed our Flag on the Moon in 2008 through Chandrayaan-1.
- India has launched 328 satellites for 34 different countries till the date of 7 November 2020.
Achievement of SUPARCO:
- On 7 June 1962 SUPARCO lunch the Rehbar-I rocket by which Pakistan became the third country in Asia, the first country in South Asia, and the tenth in the world to launch successfully a vessel into outer space. SUPARCO landed a record achievement when it launched the first unmanned solid-fuel sounding rocket by Refbar-I.
- The major projects developed by SUPARCO are the Rehbar spaceflight program, Hatf Programme, and Shaheen-III.
- In the early 80s, SUPARCO started to develop Hatf-I, Hatf-II missiles and M-11 missiles were imported from China for security needs and a factory too was developed for manufacturing missiles with help of China.
- Another major program of SUPARCO is remote sensing satellites called PRSS. It is known as Pakistan Remote Sensing Satellite.
Future Plan of ISRO and SUPARCO
Space Research is considered as the impotent key to the bright future of all nations so every country is trying to reach space and explore much as they can.
ISRO have many future mission which we are going to happen soon:
- Shukrayaan 1
- Aditya L1
- Chandrayaan 3
- A future Indian space station
- Three astronauts will be sent to space for seven days on board Gaganyaan.
- SUPARCO is going to send a space traveler in a Chinese space flight program in 2022.
- SUPARCO is planning to make its own Satellite Vehicle by the year, 2040. The Space Programme 2040 intends to replace the Badr satellite program and geostationary communication satellite.
SUPARCO is lagging behind with the comparison to ISRO. Reason why? Because ISRO made its own infrastructure and started launching satellites and successful space missions. India has launched 328 satellites for 34 different countries as of 7 November 2020 but Pakistan has launched only 5 satellites so far.
In the ’60s and ’70s, SUPARCO had well named in all world but now SUPARCO see behind many of the country because of lack of infrastructure and resources. The first communication satellite of SUPARCO was launched in 2011 but ISRO did this on 19 June 1981.
What Happened to SUPARCO Oldest Space Agency?
The government of Pakistan not mainly focus to enhance the condition of SUPARCO. The government shifted all the funds associated with SUPARCO to the atomic bomb project because of this Pakistan’s space agency failed to take off. The annual budget of ISRO is 1.5 billion and the annual budget of SUPARCO is 40.8 million, it show why SUPARCO lack. Pakistan currently has no launch vehicles of its own and is not capable of launching and placing a satellite in orbit on its own.
QnA from COMPARISON BETWEEN ISRO AND SUPARCO
Q1.What is the rank of ISRO?
Fifth place in the world.
Q2.What is the rank of SUPARCO?
Q3. Which space agency has higgest success rate?
SpaceX’s, 96 percent success rate.